How to Hedge With Multiple Currencies

Updated: Apr 6


Hedging With Multiple Currencies


If you’re an investor, you are likely to be better off if you hedge. With hedging, you can protect the value of your portfolio from unexpected price swings in different ways. Hedging strategies are often used to keep the value of a company’s stock constant when it is selling stock to the public.


Another example is in the financial industry, where many banks and insurance companies hedge the risk of interest-rate fluctuations by using derivatives and other financial tools.


When the market seems volatile and you want to get a better grip on your investments, then hedging proves to be an excellent move that can give you a sense of control despite the adverse price movements.


With that in mind, how do you hedge in forex trading?


Forex Hedging: What is It?


Forex hedging is a concept that is not common with traders. To be able to understand how to hedge in forex trading, it is necessary to first understand what hedging is. In general, hedging is the practice of offsetting risk. You can hedge against currency risk by opening an opposite transaction or contract that minimizes the effect of price changes on the profitability of your original investment.


For example, if you purchase a foreign currency at today’s price to pay for an item in the future, your profits will be reduced if the value of that currency falls before the time of payment.


To protect the value of the original investment, you can sell the same amount of the currency forward for a delivery date after the purchase date. Hedging the value of the currency is a way of protecting the value of your original investment.


The Pivotal Role of Currency in Forex Hedging


You can hedge against price fluctuations by opening a position in a different currency that has lesser volatility. This is one of the most widely used methods in forex hedging. When you do this, you are protecting the value of the original investment.


The more volatile the forex pair is, the harder it is to hedge. A good hedging example is the EUR/USD, which is the most-traded currency pair. EUR/USD is a currency pair and it means the value of the euro in terms of dollars. The euro is one of the most volatile currencies, and this means that it is difficult to hedge using the same pair.


How Does Forex Hedging Work Exactly?


There is no one-size-fits all approach to forex hedging. This is because there is no perfect hedge. It depends on the individual trader or investor’s goals.


In forex hedging, you can hedge yourself by buying a currency that’s not subject to the price volatility of the currency you’re currently trading. This is a great way to hedge currency risk without having to worry about the foreign exchange market too much.


For example, you can buy one currency pair in order to hedge risk in another currency pair. It is a good idea to use the same timeframe, i.e. hours, days, or weeks.


Theoretically, the currency pairs with the least volatility of the two currencies in the pair will have minimal price change and you will be able to make a profit. This is the case even when there is a downturn in the market.


In any case, the longer the contract is in vernacular terms, the more it will vary in value. If you’re going to trade in foreign exchange for the long term, it is a good idea to adjust your hedging strategy.


What Are the Types of Forex Hedging?


There are many types of hedging. Some of them are very similar, while others aren’t. The simplest of all is just a short position in the currency pair. For example, if you want to hedge your long position in the EUR/USD, you can open a short position in the same pair. This yields the exact opposite price movement of the first pair.


If you want to hedge your position, and you want to make a profit out of it, then this trade will give you the exact opposite price movement, since your long and short positions cancel out each other.


Another hedging technique is a cross hedge. The example to follow is an investor who has a long position in the GBP/USD. He decides to hedge his position by shorting the NZD/USD. This is a short position in the opposite direction. Hedging with the NZD/USD is the same as adding a long position in the GBP/NZD. The long position in the GBP/NZD will hedge the GBP/USD.


A major advantage of this method is that it’s easy to understand and it takes only a few minutes. The disadvantage is that the two pairs have to have an opposite correlation. If they don’t, then you will cut down on your profit.


What are the Benefits of Forex Hedging?


Benefit #1: Higher Control Over Risk/Reward Ratio


Forex hedging can reduce your exposure to price changes. Your position will reduce the overall profit and loss, making it easier for you to understand if you’ve made a good or bad investment.


Benefit #2: Promotes Diversification


The main benefit of forex hedging is diversification, which is a great way to manage and control risk-taking. If your trades are diversified, you will be able to hedge against downside risk and protect your portfolio against price fluctuations.


Benefit #3: Serves as an Insurance Policy


Another good reason to use hedging is that it serves as an insurance policy. Sometimes, you can be uncertain about the costs of your position for a long time. You don’t need to be worried about this when you use hedging.


The longer the contract is, the more it will vary in value. If you’re going to trade in foreign exchange for the long term, it is a good idea to adjust your hedging strategy.


Benefit #4: Enables You to Avoid Overpaying


You may be able to find opportunities to increase your income by taking advantage of currency fluctuations. For example, if you have a long position and the price goes down, you can use the same amount of money to open a short position.


If the price goes up, you’ll earn a profit on your short position. If it goes down, you will lose money on your long position, but you’ll also make money on your short position. This way, you’ll balance out the loss and make a profit.


Benefit #5: Matches Your Position with an Uncertain Economic Situation


You can also use forex hedging to match your position with a specific economic situation. For example, a currency may experience increased volatility when the economy is in a slump, or if there is an adverse government announcement, or if a central bank is in the news.


As you can see, there are many benefits to using forex hedging. They help you control your risk and make trading simpler and less stressful. You will also be able to make a profit, even when there are adverse price movements.


What are the Drawbacks of Forex Hedging?


Forex hedging is not an end-all-be-all solution, so just as it comes with its advantages in certain situations, it may also lead you astray in your investments when done at the wrong timing. With that in mind, here are examples of the potential disadvantages of hedging in forex:


Drawback #1: Reduced Profit Potential


The main drawback of hedging is that it limits your upside potential. This can be beneficial when you have a short-term goal and you have a set investment amount to keep, but if you’re looking for long-term profits, you may want to opt for other investment methods.


Instead of trading with the trend and more importantly, knowing when to exit a trade, you are in danger of locking in your profit and missing out on future increases in the price. As soon as you lock in a profit on a trade, you can’t re-enter that trade until the price falls again.


Drawback #2: Lack of Expertise to Make the Most of Hedging


A lot of people believe that forex hedging is a shortcut to making money, but it may lead to unintended risk and loss. Hedging may sound great in theory, but it is not easy to do in practice. To make the most of hedging, you need to practice it regularly. When you make mistakes and don’t hedge properly, it can be disastrous.


When you use hedging in forex, you will be trading two positions. It is important to look at both positions and make a profit on both of them. Otherwise, you will lose money.


Drawback #3: High Risk of Loss in a Volatile Market


Hedging is a tool that can be used to manage your risk, but it can also be a double-edged sword. For example, you can use shorter-term hedging to lock in your profits. This may sound great in theory, but it can lead to a loss if you don’t do it correctly.


The Best Times to Consider Hedging in Forex


Hedging can be used at any time, depending on what your goals are. If you want to practice and get better at it, it is better to do it during the market’s low volatility periods.


Depending on your goals, you can consider using forex hedging when:


  • You want to limit your risk of losing a high amount of money.

  • You want to lock in profit on your trade.

  • You want to practice hedging to see if this is a strategy you want to use as a regular trading method.

  • You want to make sure you don’t miss trading opportunities.

  • You want to practice a specific strategy or strategy that you haven’t used before.


If you’re new to trading, it is important that you take a careful look at each one of these situations, so you can understand the impact of hedging on your trading and determine which one is the best move for you.


How to Properly Exit a Hedge


To be able to properly exit a hedge, you will first need to decide which one you want to exit, if you want to exit both, or if you want to remain in both positions for a long time. It is important that you use your trading strategies and strategies to determine your exit point. The more you practice, the better you will be at knowing when to exit a trade.


Exit Strategy 1: Exit Strategically


If you have exited one of the positions and are going to exit the other one, but you are not sure when to exit, you should use the following exit strategy:


  • Calculate the percentage of risk you have in the position. This is different for each individual trader, so you will have to experiment to find what works for you.

  • Test different exit strategies until you find one that works for you.

  • Monitor the position to ensure that you’re getting out of the trade at the right time.


Exit Strategy 2: Exit When You’ve Made a Profit


Once you have decided to exit one of your positions, you’ll need to figure out when to exit the other one. To do so, you can use the following exit strategy:


  • Calculate the percentage of profit you have in the position.

  • Set an amount of time that you want to wait before you exit the other position.

  • Monitor the position to ensure that you’re getting out at the right time.


The Bottom Line: Knowing When to Spot the Window of Opportunity for Hedging in Forex


Hedging is risky, no matter how you look at it. If you don’t have an expert’s knowledge and experience, you may need to do a lot of research and read a lot of books to get a better understanding of the strategies. If you’re a beginner in forex, you may want to steer clear of hedging.


Many people will tell you that you can make money by hedging in forex, but if you don’t know what you’re doing and you don’t know how the market works, you may end up hurting your portfolio. You should only hedge your position with the help of a professional.


There are many reasons you may want to hedge your position. You may want to reduce risk, protect your profits, or feel more comfortable with your investment. Whatever the reason may be, you should always consult with a professional to help you understand the foreign exchange market better.


How Can We Help You?


Bound is an auto hedging platform designed to make currency protection better and more effective for businesses in various industries. If you're interested in currency protection for businesses, reach out to us today!


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