Learning FX

Identifying FX Risk Exposure Through a Currency Map

Currency Map Diagram

The realm of forex (foreign exchange) is highly volatile because rates are subject to rapid changes without prior notice. It's also not uncommon to purchase a currency only to find that its worth has dropped soon after the purchase. In light of this, it's vital that forex trading is conducted correctly.

Foreign exchange risk is something that investors should keep in mind at all times. You don't want to be in a position where your currency holdings drop significantly by value. To reduce your risk, you will want to use a few different strategies. We'll discuss everything to know about FX risk in this article, so read on below to get started.

How Forex Trading Works

The first thing to understand about forex is that there are no set rates, making forex trading rather tricky. Instead, the market determines the exchange rate between various currencies, and this is based on supply and demand.

The process is rather complex, but the nature of the market affects the rate of foreign exchange. When you trade with forex, you’re trading one currency for another, and what you receive is based on the current rate on the market. Since the rates are dictated by supply and demand, you will find that rates change regularly and that even the same currency can have different rates at different times of the day.

Additionally, forex trading is performed online, and you will use an online broker to make the trades. It is vital to use a licensed and regulated broker to ensure that the broker is trustworthy and not attempting to trick you out of your hard-earned money. They will offer various currencies and may also include other investment instruments to make the trading process easier.

Risks of Forex Trading

You need to be aware of risks associated with forex trading if you are planning on trading the market. For example, the market is open 24/7, and there will be times when you can go to bed and wake up to find that the market has changed dramatically. If you don't have enough money to make the change, you could face adverse consequences.

Additionally, there are no guarantees that you will be able to make money with forex. Many companies trade the market and lose money, so you are essentially gambling with your money when you trade the market. This is why 94% of Fortune 500 companies use currency protection to drive value for their firms and limit FX risk.

Some risks are pretty universal with trading in general, and these risks include the following:

  • Losing money - It's important to remember that forex has no guarantees. It is possible to make money, but it can also be lost, so it’s crucial to trade conservatively.
  • Misuse of funds - In some cases, when a trader loses money, they do not understand that they have to pay the exchange fees with their own money. This is why many companies use a regulated trader to ensure that they will not miss out on the funds.
  • Regulations - The various governing bodies set the regulations in place for trading. You need to be aware of the rules and make sure that you are trading correctly.
  • Lack of experience - Those new to trading may not know all the rules or how to use the available options. A regulated broker is vital for those new to the market.
  • No stop loss - Those who do not have a stop loss with their trading will find that they will not be able to control those losses. If you don't have a stop loss, the losses can be catastrophic. This is why it's essential to use a regulated broker to help you place the stop loss.
  • Difficulty - For those unfamiliar with trading, the process can be confusing and difficult to follow. A regulated broker is preferred, especially for companies new to trading.

Understanding Foreign Exchange Risk Exposure

When you trade financial markets, the risk is always present that your position will lose value before you can close it out. If you hold a currency that is dropping in value, you may be forced to watch as it continues to decrease in price. This is why it is important to understand foreign exchange exposure, and this article will show you how you can manage it.

Foreign exchange exposure is the risk that the market will drop significantly before you can close out a position. If you buy a currency and it plummets in value, you will temporarily lose money while the currency is trading in the market. When this happens, you are at risk of taking a significant loss.

The exact amount that your currency will drop in value depends on the market, but it will typically be a percentage of the currency you bought. For example, if you purchased a currency for $1,000 and it drops in value by 10%, you will lose $100. If the money falls in value by 20%, you will lose $200.

One of the most important things to keep in mind is that dropping in value doesn't always mean that your position will lose money. For example, if you purchased a currency for $1,000 and it sinks in value by 10%, you won't lose money if you can sell it for $990. This is because the currency will have dropped in price, but you will have made a gain of $10.

The risk is most present when you first purchase a currency because the market is constantly fluctuating. If the market is constantly moving up or down, there is a chance that the currency will drop in value before you can close out your position. You may also be forced to wait until the market is in your favour before you can sell, and this can be a very long time to wait.

Evaluating Risks with a Currency Map

One of the best ways to manage your foreign exchange risk is to use a currency map. A currency map will show you the fluctuations in currency throughout a short period of time, or in some cases, for a day. You will be able to see how the currency's value has changed, and you can evaluate the risk associated with why it could still drop in value.

A currency map is an easy way to track the changes in the value of a currency, and it will help you manage your risk. You can see what time of the day has the biggest fluctuations, and you can also see how much the currency value has dropped. When you are using a currency map, you can determine whether or not to make a purchase based on the changes in the price.

For example, if you purchased a currency and the value was dropping quickly, it may be wise to make a partial sale to avoid risk. You can see what the highest and lowest value was during the trading session, which will help you determine whether or not it is still a good idea to purchase a large sum of the currency.

How to Use a Currency Map

Using a currency map will allow you to see the changes in the value of a currency, and the best way to do this is to know what to look for. When you are using the currency map, you will be able to see the following:

  • Date and time - The currency map will show you when the currency was at its highest and lowest point in the trading session. This gives you a good idea of when to purchase a currency, and it will show the best time is to trade.
  • Highest and lowest value - When you are using a currency map, you will see the highest and lowest value of the currency. This is helpful since you can see if the currency has dropped in value significantly. If the highest value is less than the lowest value, it may be best to hold off on purchasing the currency.
  • Percentage change - You will also see the percentage change in the currency's price. This helps determine how much risk you will be subject to if you purchase the currency.

When using a hedging strategy, knowing what you are doing is essential. You should only take positions that make sense, and you should never take excessive risk to make a profit. When you're using foreign exchange, you must manage the risk and make sure that you make intelligent decisions.

Hedging and Foreign Exchange

Hedging is one of the essential elements of foreign exchange trading. When you hedge, you minimise the risk with currency fluctuations.

You're using another investment to protect your current investment when you hedge. For example, if you purchase a currency, you may want to buy stocks in that country to hedge your position. If the currency's value drops, your stocks will increase in value rather than decrease. When you use this technique, the fluctuation of two different markets will offset each other, and you will be able to keep most of the money that you invested.

When it comes to hedging, there are three methods that you may use to protect your investment. These are:

  • Equity exposure - You may purchase stocks in a foreign country.
  • Interest rate exposure - You can purchase Treasury bills from the United States to hedge foreign currency exposure.
  • Liquidity exposure - You can open a long or short position in a liquid asset. This could be an option if you are not interested in trading the stock market or interest rates.

When using a hedging strategy, knowing what you are doing is essential. You should only take positions that make sense, and you should never take excessive risk to make a gain. When you're using foreign exchange, you must manage the risk and make sure that you make intelligent decisions.

Transactional vs. Currency Map Hedging

There are two types of hedges that you can use when managing forex, and they are called transactional hedges and currency map hedges. These hedges are both effective when used correctly, but they have the potential to protect your investments in different ways.

A transactional hedge will involve taking a position in a foreign market to offset the risk you are exposed to. For example, if you invest in a particular currency, you can purchase stocks in that country or invest in that country's Treasury bills. You can hedge your position in different ways, and you will be able to protect yourself from losing money as the market fluctuates.

When you use a currency map hedge, you will be taking a position that benefits when the market falls in value. For example, you can purchase a put option to protect your wallet when the value drops. In other words, you need to make wise decisions when using a currency map hedge.

Other Ways to Manage FX Risks

There are other ways to manage forex risk, and you should know about them to manage your investments better. These are:


While leverage can be an excellent tool for investors, it can also be risky. When you use leveraged instruments, you will be able to trade an asset with a small amount of capital.

Margin Call

A margin call can occur when you use leverage in foreign exchange. A margin call occurs when you use leverage and there is a sudden change in the market value of your assets. For example, if the value of a currency drops dramatically, you may be forced to pay the difference in value to keep your position.

Capital Controls

Many countries have capital controls, and these controls will affect foreign exchange. When you're trading in an environment with capital controls, you need to be aware of them. In some cases, you may not be able to invest in a particular currency, and you may also not be able to move your money freely.


Managing risk is vital in foreign exchange trading, and you have to be careful when you are making decisions. When using a currency map, you can see the risk associated with the currency in question, and you can make decisions based on this information. When it comes to risk management in forex trading, you need to make wise decisions to ensure your interests are protected.

If you’re looking for an FX hedging platform, Bound is the one for you! Our platform is equipped with the necessary tools and features to ensure that your business’ currencies are protected and safe. Reach out today to learn more!

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